Here at the Great Republic, we offer a wide array of rare, first or early edition books. The subjects range from presidential memoirs to American classics to even a rare 1802 second edition of The Federalist. Among many of our rare books are signed editions. Books such as My American Journey by Colin Powell or Yeager, An Autobiography by Chuck Yeager are signed by the authors on the title pages. These collectible books feature clean, bold signatures, most likely signed in large quantities for eager fans. However, we also offer books with inscriptions in addition to a bold signature, which give us even more insight into these antique treasures.
An inscription is a handwritten statement, usually written to address a specific person, and typically signed at the end. There are various types of inscriptions in books. The most sought-after copy is commonly the 'dedication copy'- a copy of a book inscribed by the author and personally presented to the dedicated person mentioned in the book. There is usually only one. Association copies are books inscribed by the author to someone notable or important in the author's life. Presentation copies are books inscribed by the author to someone who was not necessarily important to the author, or whose importance was unknown.
There is often a misconception among collectors that a signature on its own, without an inscription, is more desirable. Though they are certainly collectible, signed books (without an inscription) often lack information that can denote provenance or tell a story. If an author writes his inscription “To Frank,” some collectors may choose to pass this book up just given the fact that they do not have a personal connection to this inscription. However, antique booksellers look at these inscriptions in a different light- and you should too! An inscription gives us a story directly from the author. Inscriptions can name individuals who were close to the author, who had a special connection to him/her, or who were influential in the book’s publication. The inscription can also give important details about the time, place, and circumstances surrounding the signing.
Inscriptions can give us valuable provenance information. Signed books lack the puzzle pieces often needed to evaluate provenance. An inscription, even to someone who is not a household name, gives dealers a clue into the provenance of the book. Sometimes, the author also dates the inscription, further revealing the clues of time and place.
For example, this uniform edition of Men without Women by Ernest Hemingway is signed and inscribed by the author to his goddaughter on the free end page. The inscription reads, "To Alden Calmer Read / with all good wishes / from her friend / Ernest Hemingway.” Having an inscription to an important person in Hemingway’s life gives us a backstory as to the owner of the book, the hands it passed through, and approximately the time period in which it was signed.
In many cases, the more writing we have in a book by the author (or publisher, illustrator, etc.), the better. It helps us put together the puzzle pieces of these rare books and their significance outside of what is typed on the page. Even if the person addressed in the inscription is unknown at the time of acquisition, sometimes with a little research we are able to unearth details about that individual to link them to the author or the book’s publication history. It goes to show that with a little research, and patience, inscribed books can tell us a great deal about these famous authors and the consumers of their works.