This authentic 1836 Liberty half-dime has been mounted by a master silversmith to create a beautiful commemorative Republic of Texas silver money clip. Custom designed by The Great Republic, each money clip is hand numbered in an edition of 100 total pieces. The 1836 coin is mounted centered onto a Texas star that is superimposed onto an outline of the State of Texas.
During the first third of the 19th century, the average American saw few of his country’s gold or silver coins, if any at all. Strangely enough, in relation to the size of the rapidly expanding nation, not many coins were made. One of the earliest coins of the new republic was the Liberty half-dime --an extremely attractive piece of silver.
Dating from the beginning of the US mint, half-dimes were first struck in 1794. The "Bust" design era lasted through 1837 with a few modifications creating varieties. These coins are both scarce and avidly sought by collectors. This particular design, minted in 1836, features a “Capped Bust” obverse design. The “Capped Bust” coin was designed by William Kneass. Weighing 1.36 grams, the coin’s composition was 89.25% silver and 10.75% copper.
The coin was minted the same year that the Republic of Texas declared independence from Mexico. In 1835, Antonio López de Santa Anna had established himself as a dictator in Mexico. Among Anglo-American colonists and Tejanos alike, the call for Texas independence grew louder. On March 2, 1836, a delegation at Washington-on-the-Brazos adopted the Texas Declaration of Independence, and thus was born the Republic of Texas.
Santa Anna had brought his army to Texas to put down the rebellion, and events followed in quick succession. At the time the Declaration was issued, many Texans were fleeing their homes eastward ahead of Santa Anna's army. The Alamo fell to Santa Anna on March 6, and over 300 unarmed Texan prisoners were massacred at Goliad on March 27. Sam Houston's revolutionary army was also retreating eastward as Santa Anna drove for the coast to capture Texas seaports. On April 21, the Texan army took a stand in the bayou country near present-day Houston at a site called San Jacinto. They attacked Santa Anna's army while sleeping, routed the Mexican army, and captured Santa Anna.
Many Texans favored immediate annexation by the United States. However, the proposals were unsuccessful, because of the risk of continued war with Mexico and Texas' shaky financial status. Even after San Jacinto, Mexico refused to recognize Texas's independence and continued to raid the Texas border. The new government had neither money nor credit, and no governmental structures were in place. Rebuffed by the United States, Texans went about the business of slowly forming a stable government and nation. Despite many difficulties and continued fighting both with Mexico and with Indian tribes, the Texas frontier continued to attract thousands of settlers each year.
In 1841, Santa Anna again became president of Mexico and renewed hostilities with Texas. By this time, sympathy for the Texan cause had grown in the United States, and in 1845, annexation was at last approved. Hostilities with Mexico and the Indians reached a settlement, and Texas was admitted as a state on December 29, 1845.
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