1862 Colton's New Railroad & County Map of the United States & the Canadas

This expansive and impressive 19th century map depicts the eastern half of the United States, in the second year of the Civil War. Starting on the eastern coast, the map extends to the western boarder of Kansas. The map shows roads, existing railroads, military roads, as well as areas of Native American habitation and military posts. State boundaries, county boundaries, cities, and major towns are all labeled for a significant portion of the United States.  At bottom right is an inset map “Colton’s Map of the United States Showing the Proposed Railroad Routes to the Pacific Ocean” with potential routes hand colored. 

Originally published by prominent US publisher, J. H. Colton, the particular map was sold in London by G. F. Crutchley. As the fighting increased, there was great demand in England for maps of the American Civil War, and Colton exploited it by providing his maps to English map sellers, like Crutchley.

The map is color coded in red, yellow, and green.  In the lower border, there is a printed paper label explaining the color designations of the map: red for "Free or Non-Slaveholding States" with a population of 18 million; yellow for "Border Slave States" with a population of 3 million, of which 500,000 were slaves; and green for "Seceded or Confederate States" with a population of 10 million, of which 3.5 million were slaves. Area by square miles is also indicated. 

This map is framed with its original plum cloth covers. A yellow paper label reads “New Map of the United States Delineating the Principle Physical Features, Political Divisions, Great Roads, Etc.” A printed leaf affixed to the inside of the cover lists the members of both the Federal and Confederate administrations. 

The map has been beautifully and archivally framed, with a wooden spandrel, linen top mat, and custom black and gold beaded frame.

Framed Dimensions: 46 1/2" H x 52 1/2" W x 2 1/2" D

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