1856 Map of the Surveys of California

Offered is a Map of the Surveys of California dating to 1856. The work was issued by the U.S. General Land Office to accompany the Report of the Surveyor General. The map is highly detailed, with towns, bodies of water, and mountains all labeled. The map includes a small table at bottom left, detailing private grants that were confirmed, as well as the Surveyor General's facsimile signature.

This work is one of various surveys produced by the Surveyor General’s Office during the mid 19th century. When the United States acquired the land of present day California, it was bound by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to honor the land claims of citizens of Mexico residing in the territories. As a result, the United States government acquired provincial records of Spanish and Mexican governments in the area of Monterrey. These records were obtained by the U.S. Surveyor General’s Office based out of San Francisco and were utilized to produce a number of sketched maps. While the Surveyor General’s Office in California continued with the maps for some time, they ceased operations in 1925 and transferred the records to the Public Survey Office in Glendale, California. Later, the National Archives in Washington D.C. acquired a large majority of these detailed records, where many remain today.


Overall good antique condition, especially considering age and use. The map retains dark lines and clear text. Some staining throughout and discoloration along fold lines. Creasing along folds, yet no significant hindrance to the integrity of the map. Framed according to conservation standards in a black and gold frame. Unframed dimensions: 37 7/8" H x 31 3/4" W.

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