First published in 1834, this is the sixth edition of Adrien H. Brue's landmark map of the North American West and Southwest and only the second edition to depict the Republic of Texas. It was separately issued and published, posthumously, by Charles Picquet, in Paris, in 1840.
The map is significant for its depiction of fur trader Jedediah Smith's travels in the Great Basin region. The map shows his epic route, starting just south of Lac Teguayo (Salt Lake) southwest to San Diego, north to R. Wimmelche near the San Joaquin River, and east back to Lac Teguayo, crossing over Mt. St. Joseph along the way. Wheat describes the first edition of this map as "one of the foundation stones of western mapping" for "it was the first attempt to show the route of Smith's magnificent trek." He further describes the frontiersman’s efforts as a "great service to geographic and cartographic knowledge... a brilliant feat of exploration and applied intelligence". Brué learned of Smith's feats through a letter published in an 1828 Paris Journal and used that information to identify key parts of his discoveries on the map.
In addition to Smith's route, the map shows the mythical Lac Timapanogos connecting to the Multnomah River and presumably continuing on to the Pacific Ocean. This edition is also notable for updates in the Great Basin based on John Arrowsmith's map of British North America published in 1837.
This edition is significant for being the first edition with the name Texas added to its title. The Republic of Texas is shown in its smaller configuration along the Nueces River. A growing network of roads and wagon trails are depicted from the Red River to points south, and numerous settlements are named including San Antonio de Bexar, San Felipe de Austin, Houston, Nashville and Matagorda to name a few. The map makes note of a Mexican Garrison just north of Tenoxtitlan and also shows two very early railroads connecting Galveston Bay to Columbia and Washington to Fort Monticello.
Included at bottom are inset maps of the eastern Mexican coast and Central America. The map is surrounded by a decorative border that indicates longitude from Paris along with Picquet's engraved and embossed seal to the right of the title cartouche.
This large-scale double-page engraved map is in very good condition. Map has a 39” H x 26 ¾” W sheet size and wide margins. Original outline hand-color. The paper is healthy, with original fold lines and without foxing marks, stains, or flaws.
Map has been archivally framed with a dark green bottom mat, wooden spandrel, olive linen top mat, and hand-built wooden frame. Framed dimensions: 58” H x 43” W x 1 ½” D.
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