1870 Colton’s New Map of the State of Texas. Compiled From De Cordova's Large Map.

This is a highly detailed map of Texas, colored by counties and showing the early county configurations in the West. Cartographically, this map is compiled from De Cordova's seminal 1849 map of the area, which is one of the most important post-annexation maps of the state, with Colton’s modern updates to boundaries.

This is an excellent post-Civil War map, showing the substantial growth and development of the state. The map lists numerous roads, towns, forts, and other key places of interest. The map names a number of historic routes, including Connelly's Trail, Lieutenants Smith and Whiting's Route, the Comanche Trail, the proposed route for the Southern Pacific Railroad, the route to Fort Smith, the el Llando estadado (the Staked Plain), and the U.S. Mail Route. Colton also comments on the mineral wealth of the land, makes note of good pasturing opportunities, and identifies fords and springs. 

At bottom left, Colton includes three inset maps:  Plan of Galveston Bay, Plan of Sabine Lake, and Plan of Northern Part of Texas. 

J. H. Colton was an important American map and atlas publisher, active from 1833 to 1897. Colton's firm arose from humble beginnings when he moved to New York in 1831 and befriended the established engraver Samuel Stiles. He worked under Stiles as the 'Co.' in Stiles and Co. from 1833 to 1836. Colton quickly recognized an emerging market in railroad maps and pocket guides. Not a cartographer or engraver himself, Colton's initial business practice involved purchasing the copyrights of other cartographers and reissuing them with updated engraving and border work. His first maps, produced in 1833, depicted New York State and New York City. In the early 1850s J.H. Colton brought his two sons, George Woolworth Colton and Charles B. Colton, into the map business. In 1855 G.W. Colton issued volume one the impressive two-volume Colton's Atlas of the World. Volume Two of Atlas of the World followed a year later. Between 1833 and the 1870s, Colton also published a large corpus of guidebooks and railroad maps that proved popular. 

CONDITION: 

Fine attractive color and decorative border. The map is uniquely housed in an antique windowpane frame, with hand-painted script identifying the title and original publish date. Fort Worth, Dallas, Houston, and Galveston and Fort Cricket, San Antonio and the Alamo, and a star locating Austin are also marked in script on the glass. Framed dimensions: 21 1/4" H x 30" W x 2" D.




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