1844 Mitchell's National Map of the American Republic

This is Samuel Mitchell’s National Map of the American Republic from 1844; the second edition of an important wall map of the United States. The map extends west to Texas, Indian Territory, and the massive Iowa Territory, which at the time extended to the Missouri River and Canada. The map includes thirty-two large insets of cities surrounding the statistical table, along with insets of Florida and Maine on the main map titled "Map of the North-Eastern boundary of the United States According to the Treaty of 1842" showing the Maine-Canada boundary, and "Map of the Southern part of Florida.”

Published prior to the beginning of the Mexican War, the map shows important regions that would be significantly redrawn with the course of events about to unfold. Most notably, Texas is shown with its Republic boundaries. As with all of Mitchell's early maps of the United States, the map extends no further west than the 95th meridian (eastern Texas). Due to the tremendous territorial growth west of the 95th meridian brought about by the Mexican War (1846-48), the map was discontinued after 1850. The map, engraved by J. H. Brightly, also appeared in a pocket map format in 1843 with the thirty-two town plans on a separate sheet.

Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) Senior began his map publishing career in the early 1830's. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. His decision to produce maps led him to relocate to Philadelphia, which was then the center of commercial publishing in the United States. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847.

In 1849 Mitchell teamed up with printer Cowperthwait & Company to produce the Mitchell's Universal Atlas and the Mitchell's General Atlas. In the late 1850's most of the Mitchell copyrights were bought by Desilver and Co. who continued to publish his maps. Many of the maps were printed with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son Samuel Augustus Mitchell Jr. took up a roll in the business. S. A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the copyrights back from Desilver and, from 1860 on, published his own New General Atlas. S. A. Michell Jr. became as successful as his father and published atlases well into the late 1880’s. After the 1880's, most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.


Map is unframed, rolled, and presented with its original hardware. Coloring in map is bright. A small amount of water staining is visible, but very good condition overall considering age.

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